Under the Employment Relations Act 2000, a “personal grievance” is an action taken against an employer or former employer by an employee who claims to have been:
• unjustifiably dismissed
• disadvantaged in employment by an unjustifiable action of the employer
• discriminated against
• sexually harassed
• racially harassed
• subject to duress in relation to union membership, or
• disadvantaged by the employer’s failure to comply with the Act’s requirements in relation to restructuring    situations